The results of this report are based on data from 271 institutions collected by a multitude of methods. The main source of registration contracts comes from freedom of information requests filed with public authorities that verify registration contracts in their supervision of private institutions. In response to these requests, agencies in six states – Illinois, Virginia, Arizona, California, Texas and Florida – provided documents from a total of 171 private post-secondary institutions14. , most traditional colleges do not use formal enrolment contracts). Online searches of registration contracts and related materials revealed documents from thirty other institutions, and copies of registration contracts from 11 major for-profit institutions were provided by a U.S. Senate report.15 Information on 35 institutions came through personal contacts with school officials or students.16 We have contracted with national associations representing public and non-profit colleges.16 We have given contracts with national associations representing public and non-profit colleges.16 We have given contracts with national associations representing public and non-profit colleges. , and we confirmed that most traditional colleges did not use a registration contract. In addition, we asked higher education institutions, without a registration contract, what types of enrolment obligations students have. Traditional universities have many rules and procedures, which are usually described in detail in the university catalogue or in a student textbook.

Honor codes that deal with issues of academic integrity and the way students deal with each other are the most common. But apart from the deposits that hold their seat in a classroom and dorm agreements, the only other registration agreement we could find is the form that students use to request an early and binding admission decision.12 The patterns we found when using the „go-it-alone” clauses are similar to forced arbitration. Public and not-for-profit colleges and privately funded for-profit colleges almost never prohibit the collective actions of their students and alumni, while more than one-fifth of for-profit colleges that use federal aid in the survey required students to seek redress only in individual proceedings. , or 63 per cent of student enrollment in the federally funded for-profit sample. (See Figure 2.) It is important to note that, due to recent Supreme Court decisions, it is likely that even colleges, without a Go-it-alone clause, would argue in the registration agreement that the compromise clause itself prohibits class actions.5 The existence of an explicit ban on class actions therefore does not sufficiently cover schools where students will not be able to pass their rights as a class. When students go to university, they are faced with a flood of paperwork — applications, financial aid forms, forms of housing, etc. It all seems like a routine.